The India Industries has historically been one of the leaders in the mining sector. With a lease of 5 mines in Arunachal Pradesh, the Group controls a large graphite reserve.
The India Industries is improving the graphite mining process in India by deploying new-age technology and sophisticated equipment with a keen focus on safe mining operations and environment protection. The Group, in its endless strive to innovate new technologies and materials, has successfully used graphene in many of its products.
Graphite is one of the most stable form of naturally occurring carbon and has rightly been termed as the “21st century gold” in the modern world.
Ranging from pencils to refractors, batteries and steel-manufacturing to brake linings, graphite is used in a wide range of products. Graphite electrodes are vastly used in nuclear plants and also in steel plants.
Graphene, which occurs naturally in graphite, has unique physical properties and is one of the strongest substances known to mankind - about 200 times stronger than steel. Moreover, graphene is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity. Due to its amicable qualities, graphene has the potential to be integrated in any industry.
India is one of the top five graphite-producing nations in the world, with a reserve of over 11 million tones of 'crystalline allotrope of carbon'.
Jointly with the government, India Industries owns large sand blocks in India mainly in Uttar Dinajpur, Birbhum, Purba&PaschimBurdwan, Bankura, Medinipur, Purulia, Malda and Jalpaiguri Districts.
The India Industries takes additional care to maintain environment stability even after sand mining. The Group's association with the government ensures the social obligation towards the environment and 'safe' mining of sand for industrial development.
Sand and gravel have long been used as aggregate for the construction of roads and buildings. The rapid development of infrastructure has led to an increased demand for sand as construction material. However, excessive removal of sand can result in disrupting the equilibrium of nature.
The India Industries has two dolomite mining sites on lease in Arunachal Pradesh with a reserve of up to 20 million tonnes. TheGroup has also set up magnesium extraction plants, to recover magnesia from dolomite ore. It has successfully marketed the magnesium metal to the fertilizers and pharmaceuticals business space.
Dolomite occurrence are widespread in the country. The economic usage of dolomite isprimarily metallurgical, like refractoriness. Every major steel plant in the country is shifting towards the use of low silica dolomite in recent times which has increased the demand for this natural resource.
India Industries is a government recognized miner of limestone in Arunachal Pradesh. It owns 4 sqkm of mining areas in the north-eastern State. Having gained significant expertise in mining operations, the Company is moving ahead on the value-chain – it is setting up clinkerisation and cement manufacturing units to add value to its limestone output. This is expected to significantly shore the Company’s return on investment over the medium term
Limestone is abundantly available in select pockets of the nation. This resource is primarily used for manufacturing cement which is in high demand considering the Government’s thrust on infrastructure modernisations and development in India.